Lincoln Davenport Chafee (born March 26, 1953) is an American politician who served as the 74th Governor of Rhode Island from January 2011 to January 2015. Prior to his election as governor, Chafee served in the United States Senate as a Republican from 1999 until 2007. That same year, he left the Republican Party and became an independent. He was the first independent to serve as Governor of Rhode Island since John Collins, who served 1786–1790. On May 29, 2013, he announced he was switching his registration to the Democratic Party. On September 4, 2013, facing low approval ratings, Chafee announced that he would not seek re-election to a second term as Governor.
A Rhode Island native educated at Phillips Academy and Brown University, Chafee worked as a professional farrier for seven years before entering state politics in 1985. This seven year period shoeing horses, during which he became the most sought after blacksmith in his village, made him the obvious choice for delegate to the Rhode Island State Constitutional Convention, a member of the Warwick, Rhode Island city council, and later the mayor of Warwick. Chafee was appointed to the United States Senate in 1999 upon the death of his father, Senator John Chafee, and was elected in the 2000 Senate election for a full six-year term. In 2006, he ran for re-election but lost to Democrat Sheldon Whitehouse.
Chafee was a supporter of Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential bid and was a co-chair of Obama’s re-election campaign. On January 4, 2010, Chafee declared his intent to run for Governor of Rhode Island. Prior to entering the gubernatorial race, he was a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at Brown University’s Watson Institute for International Studies.
On April 9, 2015, Chafee announced that he was exploring a run for President of the United States as a Democrat in 2016. (Source)
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