According to the rules of both major political parties, there are specific states that get the early slots in a presidential primary year. These states typically include Iowa, New Hampshire, and South Carolina. More recently, Nevada, representing votes in Western states, was also added to the list of early states allowed to hold a primary or caucus in February the presidential election year.
As a result of these party rules, which penalize states for jumping the line by stripping them of delegates, the first Tuesday in March following the early February states is typically referred to as “Super Tuesday” because so many states set their date as early as possible to give their voters the greatest influence in the primary results.
When is Super Tuesday 2020?
In the 2020 Presidential primary, Super Tuesday will happen on March 3, 2020.
Which states are voting on Super Tuesday 2020?
The table below contains a list of all state primaries caucuses being held on Tuesday, March 3, 2020. The Democrats Abroad primary also begins on March 3 for registered Democrats living outside the United States and runs through March 10.
|Date||State||Dem Del.||GOP Del.||Type|
|March - Super Tuesday 2020|
|Tue, Mar 3||Alabama primary||52||50||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Alaska Republican convention||28||Closed|
|Tue, Mar 3||American Samoa Democratic caucus||6||Closed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Arkansas primary||31||40||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||California primary||416||172||Mixed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Colorado primary||67||37||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Massachusetts primary||91||41||Mixed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Minnesota primary||75||39||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||North Carolina primary||110||71||Mixed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Oklahoma primary||37||43||Closed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Tennessee primary||64||58||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Texas primary||228||155||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Utah primary||29||40||Closed|
|Tue, Mar 3||Vermont primary||16||17||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Virginia primary||99||49||Open|
|Tue, Mar 3||Democrats Abroad (to 3/10)||13||Closed|
|Super Tuesday Delegates||1321||840|
*Total delegates does not include Democrats Abroad since voting doesn’t end until March 10.
California’s Super Tuesday influence
The state of California has historically held it’s primary later in the process, more toward May or June. However, in the 2020 primary, California will move its voting much earlier on the calendar and join several other states on Super Tuesday in March.
“Historically we’ve been so late in the primary schedule that the nominees for president have been determined by the time Californians go to the polls,” California secretary of state Alex Padilla is quoted as saying. “By moving that up, we hope to have a real say in determining the nominees for president of all parties.”
Many have speculated that this will create a new dynamic with California offering a high number of delegates much earlier in the process, and create an advantage for candidates who may call the Golden State their home, such as California Senator Kamala Harris.
Will more states join Super Tuesday?
There could be more states which vote on Super Tuesday since the primary schedule is still being finalized in some state governments and state parties.
History of Super Tuesday
The prominence of Super Tuesday in presidential primary elections begin with the 1984 election and continue to take shape in 1988. During some presidential years, there can be more than one voting Tuesday in March which can be called “Super Tuesday.”
In 1984, there were 3 Tuesdays which were called “Super Tuesday” due to the number of states involved.
In 2008, many states tried moving their primary elections earlier in the process which created a scenario where February 5, 2008, was considered the first “Super Tuesday” of the 2008 cycle.
In 2020, March 10 and March 17 may also be considered “Super Tuesday” voting days with a handful of states holding primaries.
2020 Primary Schedule